View of the Medieval village of Eze
Èze (Eza in Italian) is a commune in the Alpes-Maritimes department in southeastern France, not far from the city of Nice.
Traditionally, the territory of the Principality of Monaco was considered to begin in the Èze village (outskirts of Nice), running along the Mediterranean coast to Menton, on the present Italian border.
The area surrounding Èze was first populated around 2000 BC as a commune situated near Mount Bastide. The earliest occurrence of the name "Èze" can be found in the maritime books of Antonin as a bay called the St. Laurent of Èze. The area was subsequently occupied by not only the Romans but also the Moors who held the area for approximately 80 years until they were driven out by William of Provence in 973.
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Èze - Eze, Côte d'Azur (French Riviera) Côte d'Azur, Mediterranean